Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policy)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policy)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2012
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation: The information presented as of September 30, 2012, and for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012 and September 30, 2011, is unaudited, but includes all adjustments (which consist only of normal recurring adjustments) that the management of Navidea Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (Navidea, the Company, or we) believes to be necessary for the fair presentation of results for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The balances as of September 30, 2012, and the results for the interim periods, are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year. The consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with Navidea's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011, which were included as part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.


Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navidea, our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Limited and Cardiosonix Ltd. (Cardiosonix), and our majority-owned subsidiary, Cira Biosciences, Inc. (Cira Bio). All significant inter-company accounts were eliminated in consolidation.


In 2011, the Company's Board of Directors and our stockholders approved the sale of our line of neoprobe® GDS gamma detection systems (the GDS Business) as well as the disposal of the related extended warranty contracts to Devicor Medical Products, Inc. (Devicor).


In 2009, the Company's Board of Directors decided to discontinue the operations of, and attempt to sell, our Cardiosonix subsidiary. The operations of Cardiosonix were effectively wound down in 2011.


Our consolidated balance sheet and statements of operations have been reclassified for 2011 and are presented to reflect the GDS Business and Cardiosonix as discontinued operations, as required. Cash flows associated with the operation of the GDS Business and Cardiosonix have been combined within operating, investing and financing cash flows, as appropriate, in our consolidated statements of cash flows. See Note 2.


Financial Instruments and Fair Value
Financial Instruments and Fair Value: In accordance with current accounting standards, the fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value, giving the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:


Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;


Level 2 - Quoted prices in markets that are not active or financial instruments for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and


Level 3 - Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.


A financial instrument's level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. In determining the appropriate levels, we perform a detailed analysis of the assets and liabilities whose fair value is measured on a recurring basis. At each reporting period, all assets and liabilities for which the fair value measurement is based on significant unobservable inputs or instruments which trade infrequently and therefore have little or no price transparency are classified as Level 3. In addition, we considered non-performance risk and determined that such risk is minimal. See Note 3.


The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments:


  (1) Cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities: The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.


  (2) Note payable to investor: The carrying value of our debt at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 is presented as the face amount of the note less unamortized discounts. At September 30, 2012, the fair value of the note payable to investor is approximately $6.4 million, which approximates face value. See Note 8.


  (3) Derivative liabilities: Derivative liabilities are related to certain outstanding warrants which are recorded at fair value. The assumptions used to calculate fair value as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 include volatility, risk-free rate and expected dividends. In addition, we considered non-performance risk and determined that such risk is minimal. Unrealized gains and losses on the derivatives are classified in other expenses as a change in derivative liabilities in the statements of operations. See Note 10.