Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2013
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
  1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


  a. Basis of Presentation: The information presented as of March 31, 2013 and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012 is unaudited, but includes all adjustments (which consist only of normal recurring adjustments) that the management of Navidea Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (Navidea, the Company, or we) believes to be necessary for the fair presentation of results for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The balances as of March 31, 2013 and the results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year. The consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with Navidea's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2012, which were included as part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.


Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navidea, our wholly owned subsidiaries, Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Limited and Cardiosonix Ltd. (Cardiosonix), and our majority owned subsidiary, Cira Biosciences, Inc. (Cira Bio). All significant inter-company accounts were eliminated in consolidation.


  b. Fair Value of Financial Instruments: In accordance with current accounting standards, the fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value, giving the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:


Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;


Level 2 - Quoted prices in markets that are not active or financial instruments for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and


Level 3 - Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.


A financial instrument's level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. In determining the appropriate levels, we perform a detailed analysis of the assets and liabilities whose fair value is measured on a recurring basis. At each reporting period, all assets and liabilities for which the fair value measurement is based on significant unobservable inputs or instruments which trade infrequently and therefore have little or no price transparency are classified as Level 3. See Note 2.


The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments:


  (1) Cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities: The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.


  (2) Notes payable: The carrying value of our debt at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 is presented as the face amount of the notes less unamortized discounts. The estimated fair value of our debt was calculated using a discounted cash flow analysis, which includes Level 3 inputs such as the estimated current market interest rate for similar instruments with similar creditworthiness. At March 31, 2013, the fair value of our notes payable is approximately $13.1 million, which approximates face value. See Note 6.


  c. Recent Accounting Developments: In February 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). ASU 2013-02 provides entities with two basic options for reporting the effect of significant reclassifications - either (1) on the face of the statement where net income is presented or (2) as a separate footnote disclosure. Public entities will report reclassifications in both annual and interim periods. Under option 1, the effect of significant reclassifications is presented parenthetically by component of other comprehensive income (OCI) on the respective line items of net income. Entities must also parenthetically report the aggregate tax effect of reclassifications in the income tax expense (benefit) line item. Under option 2, the significant amounts of each component of OCI must be presented in a single footnote. ASU 2013-02 is effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012. ASU 2013-02 did not have an effect on our consolidated financial statements.