Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Accounting, Policy [Policy Text Block]

a.       Basis of Presentation: The information presented as of June 30, 2021 and for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is unaudited, but includes all adjustments (which consist only of normal recurring adjustments) that the management of Navidea Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Navidea”, the “Company,” or “we”) believes to be necessary for the fair presentation of results for the periods presented. Certain prior period amounts also have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. In addition, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The balances as of June 30, 2021 and the results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year. The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with Navidea’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which were included as part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.


Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navidea and our wholly owned subsidiaries, Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Europe Limited (“Navidea Europe”) and Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Limited (“Navidea UK”), as well as those of our majority-owned subsidiary, Macrophage Therapeutics, Inc. (“MT”). All significant inter-company accounts were eliminated in consolidation.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments, Policy [Policy Text Block]

b.       Financial Instruments and Fair Value: The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments:


(1)         Cash and cash equivalents, stock subscriptions and other receivables, and accounts payable: The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.


(2)         Notes payable: The carrying value of our debt as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 primarily consisted of the face amount of the notes plus accrued interest. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of our notes payable was approximately $0 and $745,000, respectively, both amounts equal to the carrying value of the notes payable. See Note 9.

Revenue [Policy Text Block]

c.       Revenue Recognition: We currently generate revenue from grants to support various product development initiatives. We generally recognize grant revenue when expenses reimbursable under the grants have been paid and payments under the grants become contractually due.


We also earn revenues related to our licensing and distribution agreements. The consideration we are eligible to receive under our licensing and distribution agreements typically includes upfront payments, reimbursement for research and development costs, milestone payments, and royalties. Each licensing and distribution agreement is unique and requires separate assessment in accordance with current accounting standards. See Note 3.

Lessee, Leases [Policy Text Block] d.       Leases: All of our leases are operating leases and are included in right-of-use lease assets, current lease liabilities and noncurrent lease liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. These assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term using the Company’s incremental borrowing rates or implicit rates, when readily determinable. The discount rates used for each lease were based principally on the Platinum debt, which was secured and outstanding for most of 2018. We used a “build-up” method where the approach was to estimate the risk/credit spread priced into the debt rate and then adjust that for the remaining term of each lease. Additionally, some market research was completed on the Company’s peer group. Short-term operating leases which have an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Lease expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Lease expense is included in selling, general and administrative expenses on our condensed consolidated statements of operations. See Note 10.
Stockholders' Equity Note, Redeemable Preferred Stock, Issue, Policy [Policy Text Block] e.       Convertible Preferred Stock: The Company evaluated the provisions of the Series C, Series D and Series E Convertible Preferred Stock under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, ASC 470, Debt, and Accounting Series Release (“ASR”) 268, Presentation in Financial Statements of Redeemable Preferred Stocks.” Based on this evaluation, the Company determined that neither the Series C, Series D nor Series E Preferred Stock is a mandatorily redeemable financial instrument and any obligation to issue a variable number of shares of Common Stock is not unconditional. Accordingly, the Series C, Series D and Series E Preferred Stock should be classified as equity. Neither the embedded conversion option nor the embedded call option meet the criteria to be separated from the Series C, Series D or Series E Preferred stock and thus these features should not be bifurcated and accounted for as derivatives. Additionally, the Series C and Series D Preferred Stock contain a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”). Prior to the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entitys Own Equity, effective January 1, 2021, the BCF resulted in an increase to additional paid-in capital and a discount on the Series C and Series D Preferred Stock. The discounts on the Series C and Series D Preferred Stock were considered to be fully amortized at the date of issuance because the Series C and Series D Preferred Stock are immediately convertible, resulting in a deemed dividend at the date of issuance for the amount of the BCF. Finally, the Company determined that the Series D and Series E Preferred Stock does not contain conversion features that could result in the Company being required to redeem a portion of the shares converted, thus the Series D and Series E Preferred Stock should not be classified in mezzanine equity. See Note 12.
New Accounting Pronouncements, Policy [Policy Text Block]

f.        Recently Adopted Accounting Standards: In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 is intended to improve consistent application and simplify the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and clarifies and amends existing guidance. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 12, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.


In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entitys Own Equity. ASU 2020-06 was issued to reduce the complexity associated with accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. ASU 2020-06 reduces the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock and improves the disclosures for convertible instruments and related earnings-per-share (“EPS”) guidance. ASU 2020-06 also amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity and improves and amends the related EPS guidance. ASU 2020-06 is effective for public business entities except smaller reporting companies for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021, and for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2023 for all other entities. Early adoption is permitted, but the guidance must be adopted as of the beginning of a fiscal year. We adopted ASU 2020-06 effective January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective method. The adoption of ASU 2020-06 did not result in a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings.


g.       Recently Issued Accounting Standards: In May 2021, the FASB Issued ASU No. 2021-04, Issuers Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. ASU 2021-04 was issued to clarify and reduce diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchange of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity-classified after modification or exchange. ASU2 021-04 requires that an entity treat a modification or exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity-classified after modification or exchange be treated as an exchange of the original instrument for a new instrument. ASU2021-04 also clarifies how an entity should measure and recognize the effect of a modification or exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity-classified after modification or exchange. ASU 2021-04 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and should be implemented prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date of the amendments. Early adoption is permitted, including in an interim period. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2021-04 to have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.