Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Notes to Financial Statements  
Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]


Summary of Significant Accounting Policies




Basis of Presentation: The information presented as of March 31, 2022 and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 is unaudited, but includes all adjustments (which consist only of normal recurring adjustments) that the management of Navidea Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Navidea”, the “Company,” or “we”) believes to be necessary for the fair presentation of results for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The balances as of March 31, 2022 and the results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year. The consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with Navidea’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021, which were included as part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 28, 2022 (“2021 Form 10-K”).




Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Navidea and our wholly owned subsidiaries, Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Europe Limited (“Navidea Europe”) and Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Limited (“Navidea UK”), as well as those of our majority-owned subsidiary, Macrophage Therapeutics, Inc. (“MT”). All significant inter-company accounts were eliminated in consolidation.




Revenue Recognition: We generate revenue from a grant to support one of our product development initiatives. We generally recognize grant revenue when expenses reimbursable under the grant have been paid and payments under the grant become contractually due.




We also earn revenues related to our licensing and distribution agreements. The consideration we are eligible to receive under our licensing and distribution agreements typically includes upfront payments, reimbursement for research and development (“R&D”) costs, milestone payments, and royalties. Each licensing and distribution agreement is unique and requires separate assessment in accordance with current accounting standards. See Note 3.




Research and Development Costs: R&D expenses include both internal R&D activities and external contracted services. Internal R&D activity expenses include salaries, benefits, and stock-based compensation, as well as travel, supplies, and other costs to support our R&D staff. External contracted services include clinical trial activities, manufacturing and control-related activities, and regulatory costs. R&D expenses are charged to operations as incurred. We review and accrue R&D expenses based on services performed and rely upon estimates of those costs applicable to the stage of completion of each project.




Inventory: All components of inventory are valued at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or net realizable value. We adjust inventory to net realizable value when the net realizable value is lower than the carrying cost of the inventory. Net realizable value is determined based on estimated sales activity and margins. We estimate a reserve for obsolete inventory based on management’s judgment of probable future commercial use, which is based on an analysis of current inventory levels, estimated future sales and production rates, and estimated shelf lives. See Note 6.




Intangible Assets: Intangible assets consist primarily of license agreements, and patent and trademark costs. Intangible assets are stated at cost, less accumulated amortization. License agreements and patent costs are amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the license agreements and patents of approximately 5 to 15 years. Patent application costs are deferred pending the outcome of patent applications. Costs associated with unsuccessful patent applications and abandoned intellectual property are expensed when determined to have no recoverable value. We evaluate the potential alternative uses of all intangible assets, as well as the recoverability of the carrying values of intangible assets, on a recurring basis. During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we capitalized patent and trademark costs of $76,175 and $67,472, respectively. During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we abandoned patent applications with previously-capitalized patent costs of $47,774 and $0, respectively.




Leases: All of our leases are operating leases and are included in right-of-use lease assets, current lease liabilities and noncurrent lease liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. These assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term using the Company’s incremental borrowing rates or implicit rates, when readily determinable. The discount rates used for each lease were based principally on the Platinum debt, which was secured and outstanding for most of 2018. We used a “build-up” method where the approach was to estimate the risk/credit spread priced into the debt rate and then adjust that for the remaining term of each lease. Additionally, some market research was completed on the Company’s peer group. Short-term operating leases which have an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the consolidated balance sheets. Lease expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Lease expense is included in selling, general and administrative expenses on our consolidated statements of operations. See Note 9.




Contingent Liabilities: We are subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the normal course of business. In accordance with ASC Topic 450, Contingencies, we accrue for contingent liabilities when management determines it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. This determination requires significant judgment by management. As of the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we are engaged in separate matters of ongoing litigation with Capital Royalty Partners II, L.P. and our former President and Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Michael Goldberg. See Note 10.




Recently Adopted Accounting Standards: In May 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2021-04, Issuers Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. ASU 2021-04 was issued to clarify and reduce diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchange of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity-classified after modification or exchange. ASU 2021-04 requires that an entity treat a modification or exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity-classified after modification or exchange be treated as an exchange of the original instrument for a new instrument. ASU 2021-04 also clarifies how an entity should measure and recognize the effect of a modification or exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity-classified after modification or exchange. ASU 2021-04 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and should be implemented prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date of the amendments. Early adoption is permitted, including in an interim period. The adoption of ASU 2021-04 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.




In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10, Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance. ASU 2021-10 was issued to increase the transparency of government assistance. ASU 2021-10 requires that entities make certain annual disclosures about transactions with a government that are accounted for by applying a grant or contribution accounting model by analogy. The required disclosures include: (1) information about the nature of the transactions and the related accounting policy used to account for the transactions; (2) the line items on the balance sheet and income statement that are affected by the transactions, and the amounts applicable to each financial statement line item; and (3) significant terms and conditions of the transactions, including commitments and contingencies. The amendments in ASU 2021-10 are effective for all entities within their scope for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early application of the amendments is permitted. An entity should apply the amendments in ASU 2021-10 either (1) prospectively to all transactions within the scope of the amendments that are reflected in financial statements at the date of initial application and new transactions that are entered into after the date of initial application or (2) retrospectively to those transactions. The adoption of ASU 2021-10 did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements, however we do expect to make the additional annual disclosures required by the update.